What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is when you feel anxious, worry or fear a lot all of the time which can impact on a person’s daily life. The most common type of anxiety is Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), this is because about 5.9% of adults in England have GAD.
Some of the symptoms of anxiety are:
- A feeling of dread
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty sleeping
- Fast heartbeat
- Shortness of breaths
- Dry Mouth
Sometime feeling anxious about a certain event or situation that is challenging or threating is a normal thing. However, if you are anxious regularly then it can cause distress or the ability to carry on with daily life, for instance avoiding talking to friends or family members feeling unable to go to work.
Types Of Anxiety
There are different types of anxiety disorders and each of them have different symptoms and treatments. Some anxiety disorders are:
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- GAD is when someone feel anxious most days, worrying about many different things for a long period of time.
- Panic Disorder (regular panic attacks or fear)
- Panic attacks are intense, overwhelming and is often an uncontrollable feeling of anxiety mixed with many physical symptoms. The physical symptoms can be shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness. Someone who is having a panic attack think they are having a heart attack or about to die. If someone is having repeated panic attacks or constantly worrying about them for more than a month, then they have a panic disorder.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- PTSD can happen when someone experiences a traumatic event for instance war, assault, accident, etc. The symptoms could include having a difficulty with relaxing, having upsetting dreams or flash backs of the event. PTSD is usually diagnosed when someone has these symptoms for at least a month.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social Anxiety Disorder is when someone has extreme gear of being criticised, embarrassed or humiliated whilst doing this such as public speeches, eating in public, being aware of the surroundings at work or when making small talk.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD is when someone has ongoing unwanted thoughts or fears which can cause anxiety. Despite the person knowing these thoughts are stupid, they can sometimes relieve their anxiety by doing certain things. For instance, a fear of germs could lead to that person constantly washing everything.
Specific phobias are when someone is very fearful with certain objects or situations that they would go to great lengths for them to avoid it. For instance, injections or travelling on a plane, etc.
There are many different things that could contribute with the development of mental health problems such as anxiety disorders. These factors might include biological factors such as genetics, experience with a chronical physical illness or injury. As well as that physical or social factors could also contribute for instance experiences with a difficult childhood, struggles at home, employment status, family and personal relationships as well as the living or working environment.
There are many different approaches to treat and manage anxiety and most of them vary on how severe the anxiety disorder is or personal circumstances are.
Some of the most common approaches are:
Psychological therapies can involve working through thoughts, feelings and behaviours with a clinical psychologist or other mental health professionals in a regular session over a certain period of time.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can help to teach strategies to recognise and overcome distressing or anxious thought, is one of the most common therapies for treating and managing anxiety disorders.
Self-Help and Self-Management
This includes specially designed resources such as information sheets, workbooks, exercises or online programs and courses. This helps to support people as well as manage their feelings of anxiety in their own time.
Some of these approaches could include the support of a therapist or other mental health professionals and could be entirely self-led.
Group sessions along with other individuals experiencing similar problems where people can work through ways to manage their anxiety. Some groups might involve the support of a therapist or other mental health professionals.
Your GP or other healthcare provider can discuss the different types of medication options to manage both the physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety. There is a range of medication that could be used to be able to manage anxiety and it is important to discuss with your GP which one would be very appropriate for your circumstances.
However, at the minute I have been using rescue remedy plus. These are lozenges that you can take to calm your anxiety down. From experience of taking these lozenges I can say that they do work. Also, you can take as many lozenges you like because you are unable to overdose on them. You can buy these products online at their store or you can buy these from your local supermarket.
There can be other treatments or approaches available that is not outlined. If you are thinking support for anxiety disorders, the recommendation is getting in touch with your GP or primary care provider to discuss that best approach could be best for you.